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EUROVISION-KAZAKHSTAN www.mainhill.wallst.ru/eurovision/  

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Jacqueline BoyerHaving won the 1957 and 1959 contests the Netherlands refused to organize the 1960 “Eurovision Grand Prix” and this allowed the United Kingdom to take over. The number of participating countries rose to thirteen, Luxembourg returned and Norway joined the contest. In addition, Finland decided to broadcast the final live. A new rule was introduced in the voting system, whereby the juries were assembled only to hear and not see the dress rehearsal of each competing song just before the actual contest. France was awarded the Grand Prix, and for the first time the winning song, “Tom Pillibi” performed by Jacqueline Boyer, became a real international hit.
Jean-Claude Pascalin 1961 three more countries joined the “Eurovision Grand Prix”, increasing the number of participants to sixteen. The Grand Prix was awarded to Luxembourg with the song “Nous les amoureux” performed by Jean-Claude Pascal, and the German artist surprised everyone by singing partly in German and partly in French.
Isabelle AubretIn 1962 the time allocation per song was reduced to three minutes and a brand new voting system was introduced which allowed the national jury to select the three songs it considered the best. Each member of the national jury could award 6 voting points; 3 points to the best song, 2 points to the second best and 1 point to the third best. All ten members of each national jury would vote anonymously, and thus the number of points would total 60, the three songs with the largest number of points being considered the best. The song with the highest number of points would receive 3 points, the second highest 2 points and the third highest 1 point: this would become their final vote and be announced as part of the “European jury’s vote”. Although Belgium, Spain, Austria and the Netherlands scored zero points as a result of the new system, it clearly showed that France had won with the song “Un premier amour”, performed by Isabelle Aubret, scoring 26 points.
Grethe and Jorgen IngmannNana MouskouriLike the Netherlands in 1960, France declined to stage the 1963 contest. The United Kingdom took over the “Eurovision Grand Prix” and for the first time the programme was produced by a woman. Following on from those of the previous year, further changes were made to the voting system, in particular by expanding the number of jury members for each participating country to 20. The number of points allocated to each member was increased from 3 to 5; this gave juries the opportunity to vote for their five favourite songs. The system was exactly the same as in 1962, the only change being that jury members could now vote for five songs instead of three. Two of today’s most celebrated singers participated in the contest, Nana Mouskouri, who performed for Luxembourg and finished in 7th place, and Françoise Hardy who represented Monaco and finished 5th. The winner was Denmark with the song “Dansevise”, performed by Grethe and Jorgen Ingmann.
Gigliola CinquettiHugues AufrayIn 1964, Sweden had to withdraw from the contest due to an artists’ strike, but there were still sixteen participating countries since Portugal joined in. The voting system was changed once more: the membership of each jury was reduced from 20 to 10 and members had 9 points to award. The song that was awarded the most votes within the jury would be allotted 5 points, the second obtaining the second largest number of votes would be allotted 3 points, and that with the third largest number of votes would be allotted one point. In the event of one song gaining all the votes, this song would be allotted all 9 points, and if only two songs received all the votes the first one would be allotted 6 points and the second 3 points. If three songs or more received votes, the first would be allotted 5 points, the second 3 points and the third 1 point. Portugal, Switzerland, West Germa ny and Yugoslavia scored zero points, while Italy far outstripped its closest runner-up with 16-year-old Gigliola Cinquetti, who also went on to achieve wider fame, singing “Non ho l’étà”. Other well-known artists were Hugues Aufray, representing Luxembourg and placed 4th with the song “Dès que le printemps revient”, and Udo Jürgens, representing Austria placed 5th with “Warum nur warum?”.
France GallIn 1965, Sweden returned and Ireland entered the contest, which increased the number of participating countries to eighteen. The Soviet Union and other Eastern European countries broadcast the contest, and this opened new horizons for the show. That year a French star was born called France Gall, who won the contest representing Luxembourg and singing “Poupée de cire, Poupée de son” written by Serge Gainsbourg. Star vocalist Udo Jürgens returned for a second time and was placed 4th with the song “Sag ihr, ich lass sie grüssen”, representing Austria. Belgium, Finland, Spain and West Germany scored zero points.
Udo JürgensIn 1966, the only major change was the new rule on language. The rule stated that the song selected by each participant must be sung in the language (or one of the languages) of its  country. This rule may have been introduced because the year before a country had sung in a language other than its own - Sweden performed in English. As regards the juries, the only change was that each national jury would consist of representative members of its country’s public, who could include light and pop music experts but not professional composers, publishers or record manufacturers. That year Monaco and Italy scored zero points. The Grand Prix winner was Austria with the song “Merci chérie” performed by Udo Jürgens, who was participating in the contest for the third time, and well-known French artist Michèle Torr came 8th with the song “Ce soir je t’attendais”, representing Luxembourg.
Sandie ShawIn 1967, Denmark decided not to take part in the contest, thus reducing the number of participating countries to seventeen. The voting system reverted to that used in 1957, involving ten jury members representing each county and allowed to award one vote each to their preferred song. For the first time, the winner of the Grand Prix was the United Kingdom with the song “Puppet on a string” performed by Sandie Shaw; Switzerland scored zero points.
MassielCliff RichardIn 1968, United Kingdom hosted the contest for the first time after being awarded the Grand Prix the previous year. Spain won by one point with the song “La, la, la …” performed by Massiel, with top artist Cliff Richard in 2nd place with the song “Congratulations”, representing the United Kingdom, and Isabelle Aubret in 3rd place with “La Source”, representing France.
1969 turned out to be one of the most exciting years, with four countries out of the sixteen being awarded the Grand Prix: France with the song “Un Jour, Un Enfant” performed by Frida Boccara, the Netherlands with “De troubadour” performed by Lenny Kuhr, Spain with “Vivo cantando” performed by Salomé (Maria Rosa Marco) and the United Kingdom with “Boom bang a bang” performed by Lulu. That year’s contest was also marked by other important events: Salvador Dali created the Eurovision Grand Prix publicity and a 12-year-old boy sang for Monaco, which finished 3rd.

Frida BoccaraLenny KuhSaloméLulu

 

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